Hives Allergy : Types, Prevention and Treatment  
Skin disorders    Allergic hives is also known as Urticaria. The effect of the allergy is visible in the form of swollen, red or white, itchy, welts, patches or bumps, that suddently make their appearance on the skin.

Allergic hives bring with it a strong itching sensation, but at other times it can also burn or sting. In usually all the cases of hives, the cause cannot be brought to light but a few underlying autoimmune causal factors can be discerned. Hives can last for just a few hours or several days, before they fade.

Types of Allergic hives

1. Chronic Urticaria: These allergic hives lasts for more than six weeks. The various causes that lead to this skin disorder are very hard to dentify. Some of them can be hormonal imbalances, chronic infections, autoimmunity, and malignancy.

2. Acute Urticaria: In this case the hives swelling lasts for less than six weeks. The cause of acute urticaria are foods like nuts, fish, eggs etc, medicines, various infections, or latex.

3. Physical Urticaria: This hive allergy manifests itself when the skin gets stimulated in a direct and physical manner. This can be due to vibration, sweating, exposre, exercise etc.

Prevention of Allergic hives

 There are a few known triggers of allergic hives that need to avoided at all costs. These triggers include specific food items, additives used in food, medications, emotional stress, extremieties of tempereature etc
 The causes of hives are very diffiuclt to identify and hence one must keep a diary to keep track of the daily activities. Thus, when hives occur, you can pinpoint the causes effectively. Of course, this should be done by people who are regularly being affected by hives.
 Minimize your intake of, or completely avoid drinking of alcohol. This is because alcohol dilates blood vessels and in some people this leads to a worsening of symptoms leading to urticaria.
 Avoid using various medications that can act as triggers for allergic hives.

Treatment for Allergic Hives

To find an effective treatment option for allergic hives is like a challenge. Some treatment options are:

 Oral anithistamines like Claritin, Allegra, Zyrtec, etc can control the various symptoms of hives. However, they cannot treat the cause of this rash. Some of these medication are available over the counter while others are prescription drugs.
 Preinisone is an oral corticosteroid that helps lessen the various effects of hives like redness, itching, and swelling. However, they can cause serious side effects and are used sparingly.
 If there is a severe attack of allergic hives, then patients are given an emergency epinephrine injection. Doctors might also advise you to carry these injections with you incase of emergency.
 Tricyclic Antidepressants like nortiptyline, doxepin, and amitriptyline etc are also prescribed as they can relieve hive symptoms like itching. These medications also have anthihistamine properties.

Allergic hives is a skin disorder that is uncommon. However, there are a host of medications that are available to you in case you have an attack of hives. Consult the doctor before you embark on any medicinal treatment plan.


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