All About Minor Burns: Treatment and Prevention  
Skin disorders    ‘Burns’ is a broad ranged term that has more to do with the amount of damage then the cause of the burn. The cause of burns can range from the thermal to chemical, and radiation.

Types of Burns

Minor burns are first degree burns and heal faster then second and third degree burns. Here, only the outer layer of the skin is affected. In a minor burn, the skin takes on a red and swollen appearance. Herein, the dermis or layer of skin is not destroyed and hence formation of a new layer of skin can take place. These minor burns are also called partial thickness burns.

Many a times second degree burns are also considered as minor burns, and in this case there is some sort of injury to the epidermis as well. There is blistering, when a skin is affected by such burns, and at times these burns take on a white color.

Third degree burns are major burns, and cannot be treated easily, as the dermis is completely destroyed. Skin grafting is required for the growth of a new layer of skin, in such cases.

Prevention of Minor Burns

Minor burns or any burns for that matter are usually a result of accidents. This essentially means that the No. 1 way to prevent burns is by confirming to the norms of basic safety. For e.g., avoiding contact with extreme heat, acidic chemicals etc.

 You must monitor the activities of your children around electrical outlets, fires and hot items etc. The inexperience of children is one of the major causes of them getting affected by burns.
 Install burn alarms in your home, and make sure that they are working. At times, the warning of these alarms is the only thing standing between you getting burnt or escaping burns.
 While bathing make sure that the temperature of the water is not too high. If you are not careful, you might just scald yourself.

These are just some of the preventive measures that can help you avoid burns both major and minor.

Treatment of Minor burns

 The instant you get burnt, hold the affected area under cold water for several minutes.
 Apply a soothing cream like a medicinal ointment to the affected area
 To relive pain take some medication like Tylenol
 Apply ointments like Neosporin or Bacitracin

These are some of the treatment options that you must embark upon immediately, however, if your minor burn still throbs; then you must consult a doctor.
 The doctor may then prescribe the use of creams like Silvadene etc
 Most medical practitioners will prescribe the use of sterile gauzes to be placed over the blisters if any.
 Various antibiotic creams can be applied to the affected area to prevent infection.
Many people rush to the doctor as soon as they get burnt. This course of action is advisable, but minor burns can be self-treated at home. However, if the redness, blisters, and pain persist over a period of a few days, its best that you see you doctor.


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