‘Burns’ is a broad ranged term that has more to do
with the amount of damage then the cause of the burn. The cause of burns can range from
the thermal to chemical, and radiation.
Types of Burns
Minor burns are first degree burns and heal faster then second and third degree burns.
Here, only the outer layer of the skin is affected. In a minor burn, the skin takes on a red and
swollen appearance. Herein, the dermis or layer of skin is not destroyed and hence formation
of a new layer of skin can take place. These minor burns are also called partial thickness burns.
Many a times second degree burns are also considered as minor burns, and in this case
there is some sort of injury to the epidermis as well. There is blistering, when a skin is affected
by such burns, and at times these burns take on a white color.
Third degree burns are major burns, and cannot be treated easily, as the dermis is
completely destroyed. Skin grafting is required for the growth of a new layer of skin, in such
Prevention of Minor Burns
Minor burns or any burns for that matter are usually a result of accidents.
This essentially means that the No. 1 way to prevent burns is by confirming to the norms
of basic safety. For e.g., avoiding contact with extreme heat, acidic chemicals etc.
You must monitor the activities of your children around electrical outlets,
fires and hot items etc. The inexperience of children is one of the major causes of them getting
affected by burns.
Install burn alarms in your home, and make sure that they are working. At times,
the warning of these alarms is the only thing standing between you getting burnt or escaping
While bathing make sure that the temperature of the water is not too high.
If you are not careful, you might just scald yourself.
These are just some of the preventive measures that can help you avoid burns both major
Treatment of Minor burns
The instant you get burnt, hold the affected area under cold water for several
Apply a soothing cream like a medicinal ointment to the affected area
To relive pain take some medication like Tylenol
Apply ointments like Neosporin or Bacitracin
These are some of the treatment options that you must embark upon immediately,
however, if your minor burn still throbs; then you must consult a doctor.
The doctor may then prescribe the use of creams like Silvadene etc
Most medical practitioners will prescribe the use of sterile gauzes to be
placed over the blisters if any.
Various antibiotic creams can be applied to the affected area to
Many people rush to the doctor as soon as they get burnt.
This course of action is advisable, but minor burns can be self-treated at home.
However, if the redness, blisters, and pain persist over a period of a few days, its best that
you see you doctor.