Rosacea: Disorder, Prevention, and Treatment  
Skin disorders    Rosacea is a skin disorder that causes inflammation of the skin, and redness of the face. Many people mistake it for Acne, as it also shows the growth of pustules that are small in size and have a red color.

Mostly adults between the ages of 30 and 60 are affected by this skin condition, and it’s more common in women then in men. This is not a serious skin disorder and does not endanger anyone’s life; however, as it affects the appearance of a person it can lead to a lowering of a person’s self-esteem.


The Various Phases of Rosacea

Pre-Rosacea begins like a blush or a flushing of the cheeks. It then progresses towards a persistent type of redness affecting the centre of the face, especially the nose.

Vascular Rosacea is the natural progression of pre-Rosacea and in this case there is a worsening of the symptoms and there is a swelling of the blood vessels of the cheek and the nose. In this phase, the skin has a tendency to become excessively sensitive.
Inflammatory Rosacea is the next phase of this skin disorder and the formation of red pustules takes place. Herein, Rosacea spreads to the various parts of the face.

Prevention of Rosacea

Like a host of other skin disorders, prevention in its entirety, is not possible for Rosacea. However, the symptoms can be relieved and reduced by a few prevention tips.

 Avoid triggers like spicy foods, hot drinks, and alcohol.
 Sometimes sunlight and extremities of temperature also act as triggers. These must also be avoided.
 Stress and anxiety attacks increase the dilation of the blood vessels and hence you must avoid such conditions.
 Moisturizers will help cleanse your face, and keep it clean. Select those that won’t adversely affect your skin.
Always wash your face with lukewarm water.
 Avoid products like scrubs, toners, exfoliating agents, astringents, and products that have a high acetone or alcohol content.
 Regular use of sun blockers and sunscreens help one relieve or avoid Rosacea.


Treatment for Rosacea

A wide array of treatment options is available for Rosacea.

Medications

 Topical antibiotics like metronidazole, azelaic acid etc are prescribed which have anti-inflammatory properties and also help quell redness.
 Oral antibiotics are also prescribed and sometimes the use of both oral and topical antibiotics is integrated to provide more relief. Some of the more common oral antibiotics include erythromycin, doxycycline, and minocycline.
 Accutane or Isotretinoin, a powerful medication is only used when Rosacea becomes more severe. As, it has serious side effects, it is the last medicinal resort for the doctors.


Surgery


At times, the enlargement of the blood vessels becomes permanent and no amount of oral or topical medication relieves this symptom. This is when surgical methods like electro-surgery and laser surgery are used for the removal of tissue build-up, and the reduction of blood vessel visibility.

There is a chance that your Rosacea might not be cured permanently and might recur. This is because no permanent cure for this disorder has been found till date. But, the above prevention and treatment measures will definitely decrease it, and also help improve your appearance.

 

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